The International Equity Portfolio seeks maximum long-term total return.
The Portfolio invests primarily in equity securities of companies that are organized, have a majority of their assets, or derive most of their operating income outside the United States, and that, in the opinion of Mondrian Investment Partners Limited, the Portfolio's sub-advisor (Sub-advisor), are undervalued at the time of purchase based on our fundamental analysis. Investments will be made mainly in marketable securities of companies located in developed countries.
Under normal circumstances, the Portfolio will invest at least 80% of its net assets in equity securities (80% Policy). The Portfolio's 80% Policy may be changed without shareholder approval. However, shareholders will be given notice at least 60 days prior to any such change. Under normal circumstances, the Portfolio will invest at least 40% of its total assets in securities of non-U.S. issuers. This policy is in addition to the 80% Policy.
Equity securities include, but are not to be limited to, common stocks, securities convertible into common stock, securities having common stock characteristics, such as rights and warrants to purchase common stocks, and preferred securities. To the extent that this Portfolio invests in convertible debt securities, those securities will be purchased on the basis of their equity characteristics, and ratings of those securities, if any, will not be an important factor in their selection. Additionally, the Portfolio may, from time to time, hold its assets in cash (which may be U.S. dollars or foreign currencies, including the euro), or may invest in short-term debt securities or other money market instruments. Except when the Sub-advisor believes a temporary defensive approach is appropriate, the Portfolio generally will not hold more than 5% of its assets in cash or such short-term instruments.
The Sub-advisor's approach in selecting investments for the Portfolio is oriented to individual stock selection and is value driven. In selecting stocks for the Portfolio, the Sub-advisor considers movement in the price of individual securities, and the impact of currency adjustment on a U.S.-domiciled, dollar-based investor. The Sub-advisor also conducts research on a global basis in an effort to identify securities that have the potential for long-term total return. The center of the research effort is a value oriented dividend discount methodology applied to individual securities and market analysis which isolates value across country boundaries. This approach focuses on future anticipated dividends and discounts the value of those dividends back to what they would be worth if they were being paid today. Comparisons of the values of different possible investments are then made. The Sub-advisor's approach is long-term in orientation, and it is expected that the annual turnover rate of the Portfolio will not exceed 75% under normal circumstances.
In an international portfolio, currency returns can be an integral component of an investment's total return. The Sub-advisor will use a purchasing power parity approach to assess the value of individual currencies. Purchasing power parity attempts to identify the amount of goods and services that a dollar will buy in the United States and compares that to the amount of a foreign currency required to buy the same amount of goods and services in another country. Eventually, currencies should trade at levels that would make it possible for the dollar to buy the same amount of goods and services overseas as in the United States. When the dollar buys less, the foreign currency may be overvalued. When the dollar buys more, the foreign currency may be undervalued. Securities available in an undervalued currency may offer greater return potential and may be an attractive investment.
Currency considerations carry a special risk for a portfolio of international securities, and the Sub-advisor uses a purchasing power parity approach to evaluate currency risk. In this regard, the Portfolio may actively carry on hedging activities, and may invest in forward foreign currency exchange contracts to hedge currency risks associated with the purchase of individual securities denominated in a particular currency.
From time to time, the Portfolio may invest up to 30% of its net assets in securities of issuers in the commercial banking industry; to the extent the Portfolio invests 30% of its net assets in such securities, it may be slightly more sensitive to movement in the commercial banking industry.
The Portfolio may make limited use (not more than 15% of its assets) of foreign fixed income securities when, in the Sub-advisor's opinion, attractive opportunities exist relative to those available through equity securities or the short-term investments described above. The foreign fixed income securities in which the Portfolio may invest may be U.S. dollar or foreign currency denominated, including the euro, and may include obligations of foreign governments, foreign government agencies, supranational organizations or corporations, and other private entities. Such governmental fixed income securities will be, at the time of purchase, of the highest quality (for example, AAA by Standard & Poor's (S&P) or Aaa by Moody's Investors Service, Inc. (Moody's) or of comparable quality. Corporate fixed income securities will be, at the time of purchase, rated in one of the top two rating categories (for example, AAA and AA by S&P or Aaa and Aa by Moody’s) or of comparable quality.