Optimum International Fund


Optimum International Fund seeks long-term growth of capital. The Fund may also seek income.


The Fund invests primarily in non-U.S. securities, including securities of issuers located in emerging markets, but, in any event, will invest at least 65% of its net assets in non-U.S. securities. The Fund considers non-U.S. securities to include those securities issued by companies: (i) whose principal securities trading markets are outside the U.S.; (ii) that derive 50% or more of their total revenue from either goods or services produced or sales made in markets outside the U.S.; (iii) that have 50% or more of their assets outside the U.S.; (iv) that are linked to non-U.S. dollar currencies; or (v) that are organized under the laws of, or with principal offices in, a country other than the U.S. The Fund does not limit its investments to issuers within a specific market capitalization range.

The Fund intends to invest primarily in common stocks, but it may also invest in other securities that the sub-advisors believe provide opportunities for capital growth and income, such as preferred stocks, warrants, and securities convertible into common stocks. In keeping with the Fund's investment objective, the Fund may also invest in futures, options, and other derivatives; and fixed income securities, including those rated below investment grade.

The Fund's manager, Delaware Management Company (Manager), has selected EARNEST Partners LLC (EARNEST) and BlackRock Advisors, LLC (BlackRock) to serve as the Fund's sub-advisors. Each sub-advisor is responsible for the day-to-day investment management of the portion of the Fund's assets that the Manager allocates to the sub-advisor. The Manager may change the allocation at any time. The relative values of each sub-advisor's share of the Fund's assets also may change over time. Each sub-advisor selects investments for its portion of the Fund based on the sub-advisor's own investment style and strategy.

In managing its portion of the Fund's assets, EARNEST normally employs a fundamental, bottom-up investment process. The first step in EARNEST’s investment process is to screen the relevant universe to identify stocks that it believes are likely to outperform based on their financial characteristics and the current environment. Using an approach called Return Pattern Recognition, EARNEST seeks to identify the financial and market characteristics that have been in place when an individual company has produced outstanding performance. These characteristics include valuation measures, market trends, operating trends, growth measures, and profitability measures. EARNEST screens companies and selects for an in-depth fundamental review those exhibiting the set of characteristics that it believes indicate outperformance. The screening process allows EARNEST to review the relative universe of companies and focus on those it considers the best prospects.

In managing its portion of the Fund's assets, BlackRock applies an active investment process that is research-intensive, global in its frame of reference, and risk-informed. BlackRock's approach combines proprietary, multi-factor quantitative analysis with independent fundamental research to construct portfolios with desired characteristics. Quantitative multi-factored models are used to provide objective, quantitative descriptions of sub-industries and companies. Stock selection is based on bottom-up fundamental company and sub-industry research. The investment team believes portfolio strategy and risk management are integral components of the portfolio construction process. The investment team believes that this integrated approach is critical to achieving its goal of consistently generating superior, risk-adjusted returns. Companies are purchased that BlackRock believes possess strong and/or improving industry and company fundamentals and/or favorable risk/reward outlooks.

In response to market, economic, political, or other conditions, a sub-advisor may temporarily use a different investment strategy for defensive purposes. If a sub-advisor does so, different factors could affect the Fund's performance and the Fund may not achieve its investment objective. The Fund's investment objective is nonfundamental and may be changed without shareholder approval. However, the Fund's Board of Trustees must approve any changes to nonfundamental investment objectives, and the Fund shareholders would be given at least 60 days' notice prior to any such change.

Fund information
Inception date08/01/2003
Dividends paid (if any)Annually
Capital gains paid (if any)December
Fund identifiers
Investment minimums
Initial investment$1,000
Subsequent Investments$100
Account features
Payroll DeductionNo

On Nov. 4, 2014, Class B shares of the Fund converted to Class A shares.

The performance quoted represents past performance and does not guarantee future results. Investment return and principal value of an investment will fluctuate so that shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost. Current performance may be lower or higher than the performance quoted.

Total returns may reflect waivers and/or expense reimbursements by the manager and/or distributor for some or all of the periods shown. Performance would have been lower without such waivers and reimbursements.

Average annual total return as of month-end (11/30/2014)
YTD1 year3 year5 year10 yearLifetimeInception date
NAV (view definition)-5.65%-3.71%7.82%4.52%3.84%6.21%08/01/2003
Max offer price-11.06%-9.27%5.72%3.30%3.23%5.65%
MSCI EAFE Index (Gross)-1.08%0.41%12.52%6.86%5.73%n/a
MSCI EAFE Index (Net)-1.49%-0.02%12.01%6.38%5.25%n/a
Average annual total return as of quarter-end (09/30/2014)
QTDYTD1 year3 year5 year10 yearLifetimeInception date
NAV (view definition)-5.27%-4.38%2.28%10.70%4.94%4.88%6.43%08/01/2003
Max offer price-10.74%n/a-3.58%8.52%3.71%4.26%5.87%
MSCI EAFE Index (Gross)-5.83%-0.99%4.70%14.16%7.04%6.80%n/a
MSCI EAFE Index (Net)-5.88%-1.38%4.26%13.65%6.56%6.32%n/a

Returns for less than one year are not annualized.

Class A shares have a maximum up-front sales charge of 5.75% and are subject to an annual distribution fee.

Expense ratio

Net expense ratio reflects a contractual waiver from certain fees and/or expense reimbursements from July 29, 2014 to July 29, 2015. Please see the fee table in the Fund’s prospectus for more information.

Performance characteristics - as of 11/30/2014
Annualized standard deviation, 3 years (view definition)11.94
Quarterly total returns @ NAV
Year1st quarter2nd quarter3rd quarter4th quarterAnnual return

On Nov. 4, 2014, Class B shares of the Fund converted to Class A shares.

Investment manager

Delaware Management Company



Paul E. Viera

Chief Executive Officer and Partner

Start date on the Fund: October 2013

Paul E. Viera is chief executive officer and partner of EARNEST and has primary responsibility for the day-to-day management of EARNEST’s share of the Fund. Prior to founding EARNEST in 1998, he was a partner and senior member of the investment team at Invesco from 1991 to 1998. Prior to Invesco, Mr. Viera was a vice president with Bankers Trust between 1985 and 1991. Mr. Viera has held his Fund responsibilities since October 2013.

BlackRock Advisors, LLC

Thomas P. Callan, CFA

Managing Director 

Start date on the Fund: December 2008

Thomas P. Callan, CFA, shares management responsibilities for BlackRock’s share of the Fund. Mr. Callan is head of BlackRock’s Global Opportunities Team and a member of the Leadership Committee. He is architect of the team’s investment process, leads the team’s Investment Strategy Group, and provides portfolio and risk management oversight for all of the team’s products. Prior to joining BlackRock’s Global Opportunities Team in 1996, Mr. Callan was with the PNC Asset Management Group, which he joined in 1992. He started as a health care analyst for PNC’s mutual fund group and later served as an international equity analyst. Mr. Callan began his investment career at PNC Bank as a personal trust portfolio manager in 1988. Callan has held his Fund responsibilities since December 2008.

Ian Jamieson, CFA

Managing Director 

Start date on the Fund: March 2012

Mr. Jamieson is a member of BlackRock’s Global Opportunities equity team. He is lead portfolio manager for the consumer durables, retail, autos, and telecom industries, product manager for global and international equity portfolios, and a member of the team’s Investment Strategy Group. Mr. Jamieson moved to his current role in 2003. He was previously a member of BlackRock’s large cap core equity and Operations teams. Before joining BlackRock in 1999, Mr. Jamieson was a client relationship manager with Morgan Stanley Institutional Investment Management from 1996 to 1999. He began his career as an investment broker at RAF Financial in 1995. Mr. Jamieson earned a BS degree in finance from Pennsylvania State University in 1995. Mr. Jamieson has held his Fund responsibilities since March 2012.

On Nov. 4, 2014, Class B shares of the Fund converted to Class A shares.

You may qualify for sales-charge discounts if you and your family invest, or agree to invest in the future, at least $75,000 in the Optimum Funds. More information about these and other discounts is available from your financial advisor, in the Fund's prospectus under the section entitled "About your account," and in the Fund's statement of additional information (SAI) under the section entitled "Purchasing shares."

The following table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the Fund.

Shareholder fees
Maximum sales charge (load) imposed on purchases as a percentage of offering price5.75%
Maximum contingent deferred sales charge (load) as a percentage of original purchase price or redemption price, whichever is lowernone
Annual fund operating expenses
Management fees0.77%
Distribution and service (12b-1) fees0.25%
Other expenses0.59%
Total annual fund operating expenses1.61%
Fee waivers and expense reimbursements(0.11%)
Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waivers and expense reimbursements1.50%

On Nov. 4, 2014, Class B shares of the Fund converted to Class A shares.

1The Fund’s investment manager, Delaware Management Company (Manager), is contractually waiving its investment advisory fees and/or paying expenses (excluding any 12b-1 fees, acquired fund fees and expenses, taxes, interest, short sale and dividend interest expenses, brokerage fees, certain insurance costs, and nonroutine expenses or costs, including, but not limited to, those relating to reorganizations, litigation, conducting shareholder meetings, and liquidations) in order to prevent total annual fund operating expenses from exceeding 1.25% of the Fund’s average daily net assets from July 29, 2014 through July 29, 2015. These waivers and reimbursements may only be terminated by agreement of the Manager and the Fund.

The chart below lists the percentage of the Fund's total assets under management that each sub-advisor manages on behalf of the Fund. The percentages include securities, cash, and any other assets managed by each sub-advisor in its sleeve of the Fund. These percentage allocations should be updated some time after 30 days following a given month end.

DateBlackRockEARNEST Partners LLCMondrian Investment Partners Ltd.Total

Total may not equal 100% due to rounding.

On Nov. 4, 2014, Class B shares of the Fund converted to Class A shares.

Carefully consider the Fund’s investment objectives, risk factors, charges, and expenses before investing. This and other information can be found in the Fund’s prospectus and, if available, its summary prospectus, which may be obtained by visiting the fund literature page or calling 800 914-0278. Investors should read the prospectus and, if available, the summary prospectus carefully before investing.

Investing involves risk, including the possible loss of principal.

International investments entail risks not ordinarily associated with U.S. investments including fluctuation in currency values, differences in accounting principles, or economic or political instability in other nations.

Investing in emerging markets can be riskier than investing in established foreign markets due to increased volatility and lower trading volume.

Fixed income securities and bond funds can lose value, and investors can lose principal, as interest rates rise. They also may be affected by economic conditions that hinder an issuer’s ability to make interest and principal payments on its debt.

The Fund may also be subject to prepayment risk, the risk that the principal of a fixed income security that is held by the Fund may be prepaid prior to maturity, potentially forcing the Fund to reinvest that money at a lower interest rate.

High yielding, noninvestment grade bonds (junk bonds) involve higher risk than investment grade bonds.

The high yield secondary market is particularly susceptible to liquidity problems when institutional investors, such as mutual funds and certain other financial institutions, temporarily stop buying bonds for regulatory, financial, or other reasons. In addition, a less liquid secondary market makes it more difficult for the Fund to obtain precise valuations of the high yield securities in its portfolio.

The Funds may invest in derivatives, which may involve additional expenses and are subject to risk, including the risk that an underlying security or securities index moves in the opposite direction from what the portfolio manager anticipated. A derivative transaction depends upon the counterparties’ ability to fulfill their contractual obligations.

Liquidity risk is the possibility that securities cannot be readily sold within seven days at approximately the price at which a fund has valued them.

Not FDIC Insured | No Bank Guarantee | May Lose Value

Fund Finder

Daily pricing (as of 12/19/2014)

Class APriceNet changeYTD
NAV$11.49no chg-8.13%
Max offer price$12.19n/an/a

Total net assets (as of 11/30/2014)

$678.1 million all share classes

Lipper ranking (as of 11/30/2014)

YTD ranking331 / 380
1 year332 / 380
3 years287 / 330
5 years259 / 304
10 years120 / 147
Lipper classificationInternational Multi-Cap Growth

(View Lipper disclosure)


Benchmark, peer group

MSCI EAFE (Europe, Australasia, Far East) Index (view)

Lipper International Large-Cap Core Funds Average (view)

Any Macquarie Group entity or fund noted on this page is not an authorized deposit-taking institution for the purposes of the Banking Act 1959 (Commonwealth of Australia) and that entity's obligations do not represent deposits or other liabilities of Macquarie Bank Limited ABN 46 008 583 542 (MBL). MBL does not guarantee or otherwise provide assurance in respect of the obligations of that entity, unless noted otherwise. 

Delaware Investments, a member of Macquarie Group, refers to Delaware Management Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries, including the Funds' distributor, Delaware Distributors, L.P. Macquarie Group refers to Macquarie Group Limited and its subsidiaries and affiliates worldwide.

© 2014 Delaware Management Holdings, Inc.